According to the National Council on Aging, falls is the leading cause of injury and fatality in seniors. Many falls can be prevented by ensuring that your home is fall safe. It is important that seniors and their caregivers recognize their risks of falling and ensure they take steps to prevent falls at home. The Mayo Clinic offers the following tips to preventing falls.
Talk to your doctor. Have you noticed a change in your mobility? Seniors and caregivers should always talk to their doctor about changes in ability to walk or carry out activities of daily living. You doctor may suggest you are evaluated by a physical therapist to determine if you need to use a walker or cane to support good posture and steady walking.
Ensure walk ways are well lit. Instead of table side lamps, opt for overhead lighting which provides good lighting for walkways. Use nightlights at night and ensure that light switches are easily accessibly.
Wear supportive non-slip footwear. Wear non-slip shoes without laces or supportive slip on shoes to promote good gait and posture.
Remove throw rugs and fall hazards. Small rugs, electrical cords, plants and clutter can present a fall risk at home. Ensure that pathways are tidy and free of clutter.
Use a shower chair. The shower is a common place for falls. Install non-slip shower mats and use a shower chair to bathe to promote independence and protect against falls.
Install handrails near the toilet and sink. Using a handrail to sit down and to stand up for toileting helps protect against falls.
Keep items at eye level in kitchen cabinets. Over-reaching or using a step stool can be hazardous for seniors. Keep items th

at are commonly used at eye level and never reach for an item above your head.

Ask for help. Seniors can protect themselves against falls and fall related injury by asking for help! Caregivers can support senior safety by maintaining home safety, assisting seniors with walking and activities of daily living and assisting with meal preparation.